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# What is Singapore Math?

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## Singapore Math

has become increasingly popular in recent years, and for good reason. This teaching method has proven to be highly effective in developing mathematical skills and problem-solving abilities in students, using new and revolutionary tools and techniques. In this blog post, we will be taking a closer look at Singapore Math and why parents are insisting on it, all over the world. First, let’s hear what Dr. Yeap Ban Har, a Singaporean education expert and math specialist, has to say about Singapore Math: “Singapore Math is effective because it is a blend of two ideas—conceptual understanding and procedural fluency. Students who use the approach learn the ‘why’ behind math concepts, not just the ‘how.'”

Sounds great in the abstract but it also produces real and tangible results, whether in the classroom or during application. With that being said, what exactly is it? This teaching method, also known as the “Singapore Math approach,” is a curriculum developed by the Singapore Ministry of Education in the 1980s. It focuses on problem-solving, critical thinking, and a deep understanding of math concepts rather than rote memorization of formulas and procedures. This can make learning more fun with many students forgetting that they are taking part in a structured exercise.

#### How does it work? Singapore Math is a visual-based approach that uses a three-step process: concrete, pictorial, and abstract. The concrete step involves using manipulatives (such as blocks or cubes) to solve math problems, followed by a pictorial representation of the problem using diagrams or models, and finally an abstract understanding of the problem using numbers and symbols.

Who uses it? While the Singapore Math approach is primarily used in Singapore schools, it has gained popularity in the United States and other countries around the world. Many private schools and homeschooling parents have adopted this approach to teaching math. While it can teach math operations at all levels, it is best to stick with the curriculum until a student has caught up to their grade.

# Now, let’s dive into the 7 facts about Singapore Math:

### Mastery of Math Concepts

1. One of the key features of the Singapore Math approach is the emphasis on mastering math concepts. Rather than rushing through a curriculum and memorizing formulas, students are encouraged to develop a deep understanding of math concepts and how they apply to real-world problems.

Emphasis on Problem-Solving

1. Singapore Math also places a strong emphasis on problem-solving skills. Students are encouraged to think critically about math problems and use multiple methods to find a solution. This approach helps students develop a strong foundation in logical reasoning and problem-solving, skills that are valuable in all areas of life.

Use of Visual Aids

1. Visual aids, such as diagrams, bar models, and graphs, are an integral part of the Singapore Math approach. These tools help students develop a deeper understanding of math concepts and make problem-solving more accessible to learners of all levels.

Spiral Learning

1. The Singapore Math curriculum uses a spiral learning approach, which means that topics are revisited at different grade levels, building upon previous knowledge and skills. This approach helps students retain information and make connections between different concepts.

#### Focus on Mental Math

1. In addition to problem-solving skills, the Singapore Math approach also emphasizes mental math. Students are taught to perform math operations mentally, rather than relying on calculators or pencil and paper. This skill helps students develop a strong foundation in math and prepare them for more advanced math concepts.

Integration of Technology

1. While the Singapore Math approach is primarily a hands-on, visual-based approach, technology is also integrated into the curriculum. Students may use online tools or apps to practice math skills and reinforce concepts.